Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect

Past Simple (Прошедшее обычное)

Past Continuous (Прошедшее долгое )

Past Perfect (Прошедшее совершенное)

4. Past Perfect Continuous (Прошедшее совершенное долгое время)

Past Simple

Past Simple – это про­стое про­шед­шее время. Также его на­зы­ва­ют Past Indefinite – про­шед­шее неопре­де­лен­ное для описания действий, которые были в прошедшем

Слова-подсказки: Образование:

· yesterday Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect – вчера

· ago – тому вспять

· last – про­шлый

· the other day – на деньках

· in 1998 – в 1998

Примеры:

1) Yesterday I visited my granny.

2) Three years ago I played tennis very well.

3) Last year I travelled to London with my classmates.

4) In 1998 Tom went to Novgorod for the first time.

Past Continuous

Past Continuous – это про­шед­шее дли­тель­ное Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect время. В от­ли­чие от Past Simple, ко­то­рое вы­ра­жа­ет од­но­крат­ное дей­ствие в про­шлом, Past Continuous ха­рак­те­ри­зу­ет­ся дли­тель­но­стью.

Слова-подсказки Образование:

· at … o’clock – в … часов

· when – когда

· while – в то время как

Примеры Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect:

Yesterday at 7 o’clock I was playing football in the yard.

We were singing when the teacher came.

While I was going home my mother was cooking dinner.

Past Perfect

Past Perfect – это про­шед­шее время, ко­то­рое опи­сы­ва­ет дей­ствие, за­кон­чив­ше­е Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect­ся к опре­де­лен­но­му мо­мен­ту в про­шлом либо про­изо­шед­шее рань­ше дру­го­го дей­ствия в про­шлом.

Слова подсказки: Образование:

- by … o’clock – к … часам

- by the summer – к лету

- by that (the) time – к тому мо­мен­ту как

- after – после того как

- before – до Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect того как

Примеры:

They had cleaned their room by 7 o’clock.

I had learnt to swim by the summer.

Nick had gone away by the time the letter came.

After she had passed the exam she felt better.

Before mother came home he had already мейд dinner.

Past Perfect Continuous

Время Past Perfect Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect Continuous показывает на действие, которое началось в прошедшем, длилосьв течение некого времени и или завершилось конкретно перед некоторым моментом в прошлом либо все еще не завершилось к некоему моменту в прошедшем.

Разбор каждого слова:

Past - прошедшее

Perfect - совершилось к некому моменту

Continuous - действие находилось в процессе

Образование:

HAD BEEN Ving

HADN’T BEEN Ving

I/He Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect/She/It/We/You/They + had been + глагол-ing
I had been waiting. – Я ожидал. He had been singing. – Он пел. She had been walking. – Она гуляла. It had been ringing. – Оно звенело. We had been learning. – Мы учили. You had been building. – Вы строили. They had been swimming. – Они плавали Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect.

Слова- подсказки

· For в течение

· Since ….. с ….

Примеры:

1)I had been typing this text for 2 hours.

2) I had been waiting for his airplane for 2 hours.

3) I had been working with him since 1990

УПРАЖНЕНИЕ

Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect

(груша*)

1. When I (to come) home, mother already (to cook) dinner.

2. When father Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect (to return) from work, we already (to do) our homework.

3. When the teacher (to enter) the classroom, the pupils already (to open) their books.

4. Kate (to give) me the book which she (to buy) the day before.

5. Nick (to show) the teacher the picture which he (to Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect draw).

6. The boy (to give) the goats the grass which he (to bring) from the field.

7. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands.

8. The teacher (to understand) that Lena (not to do)her homework.

9. When we (to come) to the station, the train already (to leave)

10. Tom (to Использовать времена Past Simple и Past Perfect return) from the cinema at five o'clock.

УПРАЖНЕНИЕ

Избери время


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